Leukemia is generally known as a group of cancers that develop in the bone marrow. Under normal circumstances the bone marrow contains a small number of immature blood cells, sometimes called blast cells. These immature blood cells mature and turn into red cells, white cells and platelets, which are eventually released into the bloodstream. Leukemia originates in developing blood cells, which have undergone a malignant change. Rather than maturing precisely these cells grow and start to multiply in an uncontrolled way and interfere with the production of normal blood cells in the bone marrow. The maximum cases of leukemia originate in the developing white cells. In a few cases leukemia develops in other blood-forming cells, for instance in developing platelets or red cells.
Types of leukemia: There are basically four types of leukemia:
- Acute myeloid leukemia (AML)
- Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)
- Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML)
- Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)
Both adults and children can develop leukemia but certain types are more common in different age groups.
What is T-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia:
T-cell lymphoblastic leukemia, also known as precursor T-lymphoblastic leukemia, basically is a form of the lymphoid leukemia and lymphoma in which too many T-cell lymphoblasts (immature WBC) are detect in the bone marrow, tissues and blood, particularly mediastinal lymph nodes.
It is generally uncommon in adults, but it represents approx 15% of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia and about 90% of lymphoblastic lymphoma.
T-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Symptoms: A diagnosis of ALL is usually made through blood and bone marrow tests, based on information on blood cell counts, blood chemistry studies and bone marrow sampling.
Patients with ALL often have several non-specific symptoms, including weight loss, fever, night sweats, fatigue and loss of appetite.
T-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Causes: Acute lymphocytic leukemia mainly occurs when a bone marrow cell develops errors in its DNA. The errors indicate the cell in order to continue growing as well as dividing, when the healthy cells will normally not divide and eventually die. When this takes place, production of blood cells becomes abnormal.
T-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Diagnosis: Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. They’ll do a physical exam to look for swollen lymph nodes, bleeding and bruising, or symptoms of infection.
If your healthcare provider suspects leukemia, they may do tests, including:
- Blood tests: A complete blood count (CBC) shows how many of each type of blood cell you have. A peripheral blood smear checks for changes in how your blood cells look.
- Bone marrow test:. Your doctor will put a needle into a bone in your chest or hip and take out a sample of bone marrow. A specialist will observe it under the microscope for the signs of leukemia.
- Imaging test:. X-rays, CT scans, or ultrasounds can tell your doctor whether the cancer has spread.
- Spinal tap: This is also known as a lumbar puncture. Your doctor will use a needle to take a sample of fluid from around your spinal cord. A specialist can look at it to see if the cancer has reached your brain or spinal cord.
What is the fastest way to cure T-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia?
T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) is an aggressive cancer that is curable with proper treatment.
In today’s era, the way T-cell acute lymphoblastic is treated is with the prolonged schedule that includes several various kinds of chemotherapy drugs given over several months. In addition, the phase of intensive chemotherapy (which mainly lasts for 4 to 8 months) is followed by the oral chemotherapy for a long period of time, typically from 1.5 to 2 years or even longer.
T-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Treatment: The aim of treatment is to induce a lasting remission, defined as the absence of detectable cancer cells in the body (usually less than 5% blast cells in the bone marrow).
Over the past several decades, there have been strides to increase the efficacy of treatment regimens, resulting in increased survival rates. Possible treatments for acute leukemia include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, intensive combined treatments (including stem cell or bone marrow transplants), and/or growth factors.
New chemo medications are also being developed as well as tested. For instance, clofarabine (Clolar) is approved to treat childhood ALL and shows promise in early studies of adults with this disease. Atriance (Nelarabine) injection is a newer drug that can be used to treat T-cell ALL.
Atriance: Atrience 250 mg is mainly used for the treatment of patients with T-cell acute lymphoblastic 15 leukemia and T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma whose disease has not responded to or has 16 relapsed following treatment with at least two chemotherapy regimens. Atrience 250 mg is an intravenous medicine. This means it is given through a tube in your vein.